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About Indian Flag
The national flag (Tiranga) should be made up of rectangular panels or sub-panels of equal width which should be of tricolor. The Saffron (Kesari) should be the top colour of the national flag of India, the middle panel of the national flag should be white, and the bottom panel of the triolcour must be of green colour.
In the middle panel of the national flag, there must be an Ashok Chakra with 24 spokes that are equally spaced and the Ashok Chakra should be in the Navy-Blue colour.
Indian National Flag Design
The Ashok Chakra in the national flag must be completely visible from both the side of the flag and that must be in the center of the white panel. So, to make that visible on both sides there are many techniques which are used like screen printing, stencil, and embroidery.
The shape of the tricolour (tiranga) must be of rectangular shape, and the 3:2 must be the length to height ratio of the tricolour.
Indian Flag Background
There are many people and events that contributed to the creation of the national flag of India. In the year 1921 Pingali Venkayya who was then a student first time presented his design of the flag to Mahatma Gandhi.
The initial flag design by Pingali Venkayya has only two colours that are red which represents the Hindu community and green which represents the Muslim community. On the suggestion of the Lala Hans Raj Sondhi, a spinning wheel was added to the flag because of its association with Mahatma Gandhi.
It was Gandhi’s idea to add the white colour in the middle so that the spinning wheel can be seen clearly.
In the year 1931, the tricolour with the spinning wheel in the middle was adopted as the national flag, and the constituent assembly on 22 July 1947 adopted the present form of tricolour as the National Flag of India.
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Flag Code of India
The government of India issued non-statutory instructions from time to time for the display of the national flag and apart from this tricolour is governed by the two provisions that are
- The emblems and names (prevention of improper use) act, 1950
- The prevention of insults to national honour act, 1971.
Finally, in the year 2002 attempt was made in the form of the “Flag Code of India” which subsumed all the existing provisions and acts. And the code was made effective from the 26th of January 2002 after superseding all the existing code.
According to the provisions of the flag code of India, anyone that is general public, any educational institution, and any private or public organization, etc. can display the national flag.
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Summary about Indian Flag
|S.NO||National Flag Features||Description|
|1.||Flag Colour||There are four colours in the flag Saffron, White, Green, and Navy Blue (Ashok Chakra)|
|2.||Size of Flag||The size ratio of the Ashok Chakra must be 3:2|
|3.||Designer of Indian flag||Pingali Venkayya Lala Hans Raj Sondhi Mahatma Gandhi|
|4.||Flag adopted in||22 July 1947|
FAQs on National Flag
Ans.) The flag is raised in the morning because it shows the strength of the country and shows respect to the country and the flag is removed in the evening (before the sunset).
Ans.) Each colour of the flag represents its unique meaning like the saffron colour represents the strength and courage, white colour represents the peace, and the green colour represents the auspiciousness, fertility, and growth of the country.
Ans.) The “Flag Code of India” is the document that tells about all the provisions and the guidelines which deal with the national flag of India.
Ans.) The national flag of India is known as the “Tricolour” or “Tiranga”.
Ans.) The national was mainly designed by the three people named: Pingali Venkayya, Lala Hans Raj Sondhi, and Mahatma Gandhi.
Ans.) Pingali Venkayya is the first person to design the national flag he gave the red colour (which represents Hindu) and green colour (which represents Muslim) to the flag.
Ans.) The 24 spokes in the flag represent the 24 Himalayan rishis, Vishvamitra is the first one, and Yajnavalkya is the last rishi.
Ans.) The Ashoka Chakra in the flag represents the “wheels of law” which is taken from the Sarnath Lion Capital. The Chakra depicts that “the life is in movement and death is in stagnation.”
Ans.) Because of the three major colours in the National flag that are; saffron, white, and green the Indian flag is known as the Tricolour.
Ans.) To represent the strength, courage, peace, and fertility of the land there are 3 colours in the flag.
Ans.) In the Meerut (Uttar Pradesh) the largest National flag is hosted which is 380 ft. in height, before Meerut the record of the largest Indian flag hosted was held by the Belgaum Karnataka.