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History of Bihar
The history of Bihar is very important for the state government exams. The students preparing for the Bihar government exams like Bihar PSC (BPSC), APO, Bihar Police, and other competitive exams have to prepare the History of Bihar because of the number of questions asked in the recent exams. The scope of Bihar History in the exam is increasing day by day, so students must prepare it in detail. This article will help you in giving a summary of Bihar History.
Brief History of Bihar
- The capital Pataliputra was founded by Udayan.
- Paleolithic sites have been discovered by Munger and Nalanda.
- Megalithic sites have been discovered from Ranchi, Hazaribagh, Santhal Parganas, and Singhbhum (all in Jharkhand).
- Neolithic artifacts have been discovered from shrimp and Chercher.
- The first discussion of the Bihar region is found in the Shatapatha Brahmin.
- Mahavira’s birthplace is in Kundagram (Bihar).
- The Anga state is mentioned for the first time in the Atharvaveda. Currently, it includes Khagaria, Bhagalpur, and Munger.
- The capital of the Anga state was Champa (present-day Bhagalpur).
- In 315 A.D Megasthenes had arrived in Pataliputra.
- Aryabhatta is also related to the city of Pataliputra.
- The capital of the Lichhavi dynasty was located in Vaishali.
- Ottoman rule in Bihar was founded by Bakhtiyar Khilji.
- Lord Mahavira was born in Kundagrama, Vaishali.
- Lord Mahavira was related to the Janatrika clan. His father was the head of this clan.
- Golghar in Bihar was built during the time of Governor-General Lord Cornwallis.
- It was in Bihar itself that Gandhiji first arrived in Champaran in 1917.
- The Videha dynasty is first mentioned in the Yajurveda. Goddess Sita, daughter of King Janaka, belongs to this dynasty and it was Mithijanak Videha who founded Mithila.
- The state of Magadha is mentioned in the Atharvaveda for the first time.
- The capital of the kingdom of Magadha was Girivraj or Rajgir which was surrounded by hills on all sides by five hills. Later the capital was shifted to Patali Putra.
- The Haryanka dynasty established its capital at Rajgir.
- During the time of Shishunaga, the two capitals of Magadha were Rajgir and Vaishali.
- The Khilafat Movement started in 1919 in Bihar.
- The Non-Cooperation Movement in Bihar started in 1920.
- The Kisan Sabha in Bihar was formed in 1929.
- Punyamitra Shunga was the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
- Bihar and Orissa were partitioned in 1936.
- Munger Mir Qasim of Bengal made Munger his capital.
- In the battle of Chausa, 1539 BC – Sher Shah defeated Humayun and acquired the title of Sultan-e-Adil.
- The last Afghan Sultan of Bihar was Dawood Khan Karrani.
- The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II gave the East India Company the right to the Addicts of Bengali Bihari and Orissa.
- On 22 October 1764 Battle of Buxar was fought.
- The Bihar Socialist Party was founded in 1934 by Jai Prakash Narayan.
- Golghar was built in the year 1786 by Captain John Gorstin.
- The second Buddhist association was organized under the rule of Kalashoka.
- On July 3, 1857, a revolt began in Patna by the bookseller ‘Pir Ali’.
- Patna Revenue Council was established in the year 1770 which was later replaced by Bihar Revenue Chief in the year 1781.
- Information about the city administration and military administration of the capital Pataliputra is found in the book “Indica” of Megasthenes.
- Ottoman power was established in Bihar in 1198.
- The initial capital of Magadha was Rajgir.
- The famous Vishnupad temple is established in Bodh Gaya.
- Lord Buddha attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya.
- Patna Youth Association was founded in 1927.
- Gian Shah established Bihar Youth Association in Motihari in the year 1928.
- Mazharul Haque was the founder of the Home rule movement in Bihar.
- The most famous education center in the Mauryan period was Taxila.
- Gandhiji did his first Satyagraha at Champaran in Bihar.
- In 1931, Ganga Sharan Sinha, Ram Vriksh Benipuri, and Ramanand Mishra established the Bihar Socialist Party.
- Kunwar Singh was the leader of Bihar in the 1857 revolution.
- Ashoka was the patron of the Third Buddhist Council held at Pataliputra.
- The fourth Buddhist association was held during the time of Kanishka.
- The second Buddhist association was organized by Kalashoka.
- Bihar was established on March 22, 1912, when the British government partitions it from Bengal.
- Bihar complete GK
- Important Rivers of Bihar
- State Symbols of Bihar
- First in Bihar | Bihar General Knowledge